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Fri Oct 9 08:50:11 2015

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QGIS Planet

Call for applications: QGIS Manual Update and Improvement

Dear QGIS community,

In the last few years we have been steadily improving the amount of funding we are able to accumulate in the QGIS project. Our goal in obtaining funding is always to ‘make QGIS better’. Up until now we have focussed funding on high profile aspects of the project: Funding regular hackfests, paying for bug fixing work prior to releases, funding infrastructure such as servers, domain name registrations etc.

With improved funding levels we now have the opportunity to also start addressing some of the many less obvious components of QGIS that badly need attention, but often don’t attract volunteers. In our PSC meetings it was agreed that we would start this initiative by funding one or more experienced users to improve the QGIS manual. Here, briefly, is the vision:

As an experienced QGIS user you currently have two main resources: The QGIS manual and the QGIS training manual. In this call we focus on the manual, which is already an excellent resource on available functionality in QGIS.

  • The challenge is to keep it synchronised with all new features, and examples and figures often run the risk of being out of date. This is the case already for several chapters of the manual for the latest QGIS releases and we want to start optimizing this.

    We would love to see the QGIS manual providing a readable narrative explaining the purpose (with images and illustrations if needed) of each feature. It can also provide short sample snippet where useful, which in many cases you can simply cut and paste into your code and then tweak to get started.

    For this funded effort we are thus seeking one or more individuals to lay the foundation for this work:

    * verify and improve the norms and guidelines of the documentation and
    especially its update process together with the PSC.
    * update the manual to include all features that are available within the latest QGIS release (2.12).
    * update figures, if necessary according to the defined guidelines (size, desktop-environment, resolution,…).
    * populate the manual with further short examples and improved descriptions, without competing with the training manual.
    * do these in a nice clear and concise writing style, taking inspiration from other software manuals, if available.

    If you think this is something you are able to do, please contact the QGIS PSC using this form and let us know!

    Best wishes,

Not always about new features

I love a good feature just as much as the next person but sometimes it’s great to fix a small workflow issue that has bugged you for the longest time.

If you have ever seen this kind of dialog you will know what I mean


The good old Python error dialog in QGIS.  The dialog is there to tell you that an exception was raised in Python somewhere and would dump out the error for you to debug it.   One big issue with this dialog though.  It’s blocking.  Blocking dialogs are really bad.   As a user, the blocking dialog means a broken workflow. Worst of all, there really is nothing you can do about it because the only thing you can do is close.

This dialog has now been replaced with a message bar if something goes wrong in Python code.  The message bar is non blocking and lets you continue working even if something didn’t work correctly.


The message bar has two buttons.  One will open the stack trace dialog to see the error in more detail. The other button opens the log window.


The message bar will only show a single error message for each type of error even if there are multiple exceptions in a row. A good example of this is an error in a mouse move event handler causing a error on each mouse move.

Filed under: qgis Tagged: qgis

Quick webmaps with qgis2web

In Publishing interactive web maps using QGIS, I presented two plugins for exporting web maps from QGIS. Today, I want to add an new member to this family: the qgis2web plugin is the successor of qgis-ol3 and combines exports to both OpenLayers3 as well as Leaflet.

The plugin is under active development and currently not all features are supported for both OpenLayers3 and Leaflet, but it’s a very convenient way to kick-off a quick webmapping project.

Here’s an example of an OpenLayers3 preview with enabled popups:

OpenLayers3 preview

OpenLayers3 preview

And here is the same map in Leaflet with the added bonus of a nice address search bar which can be added automatically as well:

Leaflet preview

Leaflet preview

The workflow is really straight forward: select the desired layers and popup settings, pick some appearance extras, and then don’t forget to hit the Update preview button otherwise you might be wondering why nothing happens ;)

I’ll continue testing these plugins and am looking forward to seeing what features the future will bring.

Feature freeze is now in effect for QGIS 2.12

A note from Jürgen Fischer, our release manager, heralds the start of preparations for QGIS 2.12. We depend all users out there to test it and report issues so we can make the best possible release. An edit version of the email to the developer mailing list from Jürgen follows:


I’d like to remind everyone that the 2.11 development cycle ended yesterday at
12:00 UTC. We are now in feature freeze on the road to the 2.12 release on 2015-10-23

Now we (the community) need to prepare QGIS for the release. No new features will be added anymore.

  • Users, if not already begun, should now start
    extensive testing of master and report bugs on the QGIS hub.
  • Developers should move their focus from creating new features to fixing bugs.
  • Translators can can continue their work (we maintain all our translations on transifex now).

The nightly builds of QGIS testing available for Windows (download here), Linux (Debian and Ubuntu) and Mac
OS X (download here) are now effectively snapshots of what’s going to be released.  Except of course
for the bugs that are going to be fixed until release day.  For Windows there will also be weekly release candidates of the standalone installer. Lets keep up working together to make 2.12 another great release.


What went on at FOSS4G 2015?

Granted, I could only follow FOSS4G 2015 remotely on social media but what I saw was quite impressive and will keep me busy exploring for quite a while. Here’s my personal pick of this year’s highlights which I’d like to share with you:


Marco Hugentobler at FOSS4G 2015 (Photo by Jody Garnett)

Marco Hugentobler at FOSS4G 2015 (Photo by Jody Garnett)

The Sourcepole team has been particularly busy with four presentations which you can find on their blog.

Marco Hugentobler’s keynote is just great, summing up the history of the QGIS project and discussing success factor for open source projects.

Marco also gave a second presentation on new QGIS features for power users, including live layer effects, new geometry support (curves!), and geometry checker.

There has also been an update to QTiles plugin by NextGIS this week.

If you’re a bit more into webmapping, Victor Olaya presented the Web App Builder he’s been developing at Boundless. Web App Builder should appear in the official plugin repo soon.

Preview of Web App Builder from Victors presentation

Preview of Web App Builder from Victors presentation


If you work with messy, real-world data, you’ve most certainly been fighting with geocoding services, trying to make the best of a bunch of address lists. The Python Geocoder library promises to make dealing with geocoding services such as Google, Bing, OSM & many easier than ever before.

Let me know if you tried it.

Mobmap Visualizations

Mobmap – or more specifically Mobmap2 – is an extension for Chrome which offers visualization and analysis capabilities for trajectory data. I haven’t tried it yet but their presentation certainly looks very interesting:

Presentations at FOSS4G 2015 in Seoul

Slides from our presentations at FOSS4G 2015 in Seoul:

  • Keynote: The QGIS project and its evolution from a desktop GIS to a GIS platform - Slides
  • New QGIS functions for power users - Slides
  • QGIS Plugins - From Must-Haves to insider tips - Slides
  • Building an OpenLayers 3 map viewer with React - Slides

Thanks to the organizers of this great conference! It was a pleasure to get in contact with so many users from around the world.


FOSS4G specials at Packt and Locate Press

We are celebrating FOSS4G 2015 in Seoul with great open source GIS book discounts at both Packt and Locate Press. So if you don’t have a copy of “Learning QGIS”, “The PyQGIS Programmer’s Guide”, or “Geospatial Power Tools” yet, check out the following sites:


4th QGIS UK user group meeting in Edinburgh

4th QGIS UK user group EdinburghOK. Here it is. The official call for offers of speaking, running a workshop, doing a lightning talk, generally helping, and sponsoring the 4th QGIS UK user group meeting in Scotland on 16th November. Tom Armitage has booked the Informatics Forum in Crichton Street for us again.

I am open to suggestions from you, the users, about how the day is organised but I imagine something that has a few talks, a workshop session and a good lunch break would tick most boxes.  So get in touch and let’s make it happen.

Use the contact form on the About Us page to get in touch or via twitter @mixedbredie.

Sponsored by OS thinkWhere EDINA

Registration open for QGIS hackfest in Gran Canaria, November 2015

Dear QGIS developers

Collage Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

We will be holding our 14th hackfest in Gran Canaria over November 5th – November 8th, 2015. You can read more about the plans for this meet up and register your intention to attend on the hackfest wikipage. This is a developer centric hackfest where we invite coders, documenters, testers, graphic artists, translators and anyone else who is interested in improving QGIS for the benefit of all our users. General users of QGIS are of course also welcome to join us, but we will not be holding any specific user-centric workshops or talks like we do at our user conferences.

The QGIS hackfests are an important aspect of the project, playing an key role in facilitating collaboration and planning within the community of developers and contributors who combine their efforts to put out three releases of QGIS each year. We rely on the goodwill and sponsorship of our grateful users and their host organisations to financially sustain the QGIS project. If you are in a position of influence, we ask you to please consider sponsoring QGIS to support this hackfest and other project related activities.

We would like to thank Pablo Fernández Moniz and his co-organisers from Universidad de las Palmas de Gran Canaria for organising the event. If you are able to support his event organisation activities in any way, please contact him at 

We look forward to seeing your all there!

The QGIS Team

UI theme support now core in QGIS

I enjoy using the dark UI theme for QGIS so much I figured why not make it a core feature. In the next version of QGIS if you head to the options screen you can now find a UI Theme option.

Options | General_037

The default dark theme is called Night Mapping for all those late night mapping jobs that you do, or if you just like dark UI themes.

QGIS b789fab_029



Something you will notice with this theme is the custom icons for the layer visibility. Pretty nifty! Here is how it is done

Creating new themes

To create a new theme simply make a new folder in .qgis2\themes\ with the name of the theme you want and create a style.qss file inside there. Check out the default themes for an example

Follow the Qt style sheet guides to see what can be styled.

Something I have added on top of the normal style sheets is variable support. Variables can be declared in a variables.qss file in the theme folder.

Here is an example of some variables:

@background: #323232
@text: #aaa
@selection: #507098
@menuback: #444
@highlight: #ffaa00

Now in style.qss we can do this:

color: @text;
background-color: @background;

Great for not having to repeat your self or quick updating in a single place. When the theme is applied via the Options dialog or via the API it will replace the variables in style.qss using variables.qss. The result file is called

Needs some tweaks

The default dark theme is a collection of stuff I have found around the net and stuff I have added myself. It’s far from prefect and I would love help to make it the best dark theme for QGIS. If you have another theme you think would make a good default one open a pull request on GitHub


Filed under: Open Source, qgis Tagged: qgis

Final GSoC report

What do I have completed this week?

  • Added a dedicated threadPool for the Processing Toolbox to run the algorithms.

  • Bugfix on the cancel option. Avoid connecting  the signals every time the algorithm runs. This was making the slots to be called multiple times when running and cancelling the algorithm several times.

Is there any blocking issue?

  • I wasn’t able to fix the issue with the cancel option when you have more than one algorithm running. The issue turned out to be more complicated than I first expected.

Mixing a bit of Excel into QGIS – conditional formatted table cells

I was using Excel the other day and used the conditional formatting rules to style some cells based on a condition. If you have never seen or used them they look like this:

They are pretty handy for a quick idea on the state of your data.  Looking at QGIS I thought to myself “Wait!? Why not do that in QGIS too. That would be pretty neat”.  And with that here it is, finally!. Conditional formatting rules for QGIS attribute table.



You can control the font style, color, background color, even custom icons based on QGIS symbols. The buttons at the top give you access to quick styles which you can tweak more with the other options.

The conditions are just normal QGIS expressions. Use the special variable @value to refer to the current cell value. As they are normal QGIS expressions you can reference the other fields in the expressions.

(Click the GIF for a better view)


So go nuts. I would love to hear any feedback if you use it. Try it out in the next nightly dev build.

Filed under: Open Source

Call for applications: QGIS API Documentation Improvement

Dear QGIS DevelopersIn the last few years we have been steadily improving the amount of funding we are able to accumulate in the QGIS project. Our goal in obtaining funding is always to ‘make QGIS better’. Up until now we have focussed funding on high profile aspects of the project: Funding regular hackfests, paying for bug fixing work prior to releases, funding infrastructure such as servers, domain name registrations etc.

With improved funding levels we now have the opportunity to also start addressing some of the many less obvious components of QGIS that badly need attention, but often don’t attract volunteers. In our July 2015 PSC meeting it was agreed that we would start this initiative by funding one or more developers to improve the python documentation in QGIS. Here, briefly, is the vision:

Lets take our inspiration from Qt. As a foundational library for QGIS, I have always loved the fact that Qt4 is so well documented. Take a look at this for example –

The Qt4 documentation provides a readable narrative explaining the purpose (with images and illustrations if needed) of each class. It also provides a code snippet, which in many cases you can simply cut and paste into your code and then tweak to get started.

As a PyQGIS programmer you have two main resources: The QGIS Python cookbook and the QGIS C++ API documentation. The cookbook is an excellent resource, but it is hard to keep it synchronised with the code base – so examples often run the risk of being out of date, or don’t leverage new functionality that makes its way into the code base. The C++ documentation is good in terms of coverage, but it often lacks detail and as a python programmer you may find it a bit off putting since the text is littered with examples using pointers. Also, the C++ documentation isn’t always a one to one match for python users, and doesn’t explain python specific behaviour such as how ownership is passed around with returning objects.

Wouldn’t it be nice if the C++ API documentation also included the content that is in the python cookbook? And wouldn’t it be nice if the C++ documentation became the C++ *and* Python API documentation – catering for users of both programming languages and providing for a single point of reference and maintenance? Even better the python documentation would live right in the C++ code, so that anytime someone touches the code base they can easily maintain the documentation without needing to jump through a lot of hoops.

For this funded effort we are thus seeking one or more individuals to lay the foundation for this work:

  • establish norms and guidelines for improving the doxygen API docs so that each documented resource can include both python and C++ documentation.
  • port the cookbook content over to the API documentation
  • create doxygen pages to provide a starting point for python programmers to be able to carry out common activities they need
  • populate the API docs with Python examples and improved descriptions
  • do these in a nice clear and concise writing style, again taking inspiration from the fine work that Qt has done
  • perhaps do something really smart to generate docs from the SIP API and incorporate it into our doxygen doctree?

If you think this is something you are able to do, please contact the QGIS PSC using this form and let us know!

Click here to apply here if you are interested in this work

Parallel execution of QGIS algorithms

This is just an example of the advantage provided by the multithreading on the Toolbox. As each algorithm is running in a separate thread, this allows us to run more than one algorithm at the same time.


I’m polishing the implementation and trying to find some major problems in the current implementation.  It has some minor bugs that can be easily solved by adding a parameter to the  cancel signal (e.g. when you have two algorithms running and try to cancel one of them, the signal emitted will cancel two algorithms instead of just one)

QGIS Welcome Page

Whenever you start QGIS you basically do it because? Right, because you need to do GIS work. Ah, how I love rhetorical questions to start a post. And most of the time one continues to work on a QGIS project which

Twelfth GSoC report – Multithreading on Processing

What do I have completed this week?

  • I have finished the cancel option in order to stop the execution of non-QGIS algorithms. It’s important to remember that as well as the QGIS algorithms the cancel option do not cover all the non-QGIS algorithms and this implementation only covers GDAL and SAGA algorithms. However this option can be easily replicated to the othersthird party algorithms.

  • I have changed the python console to use the QThreadPool.

  • I have been testing and debugging the multithreading implementation looking for unexpected behaviours or incorrect results.

  • Core refactoring.

What am I going to achieve for the next week?

  • Write documentation for the multithreading implementation.

  • Code cleaning and refactoring.

  • Search for problems in the multithreading implementation and correct them.

Is there any blocking issue?

  • No.

QGIS UI themes plugin

Scrap that idea. Seems there is already a  plugin to do this called Load QSS.  I’m not going to duplicate effort. Use that one and we can all make it better.

Want to have a dark theme, or even your own custom theme, for QGIS?  No worries. The UI Theme plugin has your back. Grab it from the plugin installer.  

Change the theme using Plugins -> UI Themes -> Theme It!


Just select a theme and the interface will change styles.  Here is the dark theme called “Much Dark. Such Goth” :)


I will let you try the “Oh my eyes” theme.

Themes can be added by creating a {name}.css file in plugin folder themes folder and edited __init__.pyfile to list the theme.  I’m working on this to make it better but I wrote this in about half an hour so it’s not all there yet.

The active themes is saved in the settings and restored on QGIS load.

If you make a cool theme feel free to make a pull request or ticket so it can be added to the plugin for others to use.  There is heaps that can be done with the Qt stylesheets so go nuts and make something cool.

Note: It’s a work in progress and things might not always look right.

Filed under: Open Source

Syntactic sugar for PyQGIS

PyQGIS now supports a nice new addition for handling edit sessions in layers. This way, changes get committed automatically at the end of a successful (python) edit session.

with edit(layer):
    do your changes here()
See more ›

Using TimeManager for WMS-T layers

This is a guest post by Karolina Alexiou (aka carolinux), Anita’s collaborator on the Time Manager plugin.

As of version 2.1.5, TimeManager provides some support for stepping through WMS-T layers, a format about which Anita has written  in the past.  From the official definition, the OpenGIS® Web Map Service Interface Standard (WMS) provides a simple HTTP interface for requesting geo-registered map images from one or more distributed geospatial databases. A WMS request defines the geographic layer(s) and area of interest to be processed. The response to the request is one or more geo-registered map images (returned as JPEG, PNG, etc) that can be displayed in a browser application. QGIS can display those images as a raster layer. The WMS-T standard allows the user of the service to set a time boundary in addition to a geographical boundary with their HTTP request.

We are going to add the following url as the web map provider service:

From QGIS, go to Layer>Add Layer>Add WMS/WMST Layer and add a new server and connect to it. For the service we have chosen, we only need to specify a name and the url.

Select the top level layer, in our case named nexrad_base_reflect and click Add. Now you have added the layer to your QGIS project.

To add it to TimeManager as well, add it as a raster with the settings from the screenshot below. Start time and end time have the values 2005-08-29:03:10:00Z and 2005-08-30:03:10:00Z respectively, which is a period which overlaps with hurricane Katrina. Now, the WMS-T standard uses a handful of different time formats, and at this time, the plugin requires you to know this format and input the start and end values in this format. If there’s interest to sponsor this feature, in the future we may get the format directly from the web service description. The web service description is an XML document (see here for an example) which, among other information, contains a section that defines the format, default time and granularity of the time dimension.


If we set the time step to 2 hours and click play, we will see that TimeManager renders each interval by querying the web map service for it, as you can see in this short video.

Querying the web service and waiting for the response takes some time. So, the plugin requires some patience for looking at this particular layer format in interactive mode. If we export the frames, however, we can get a nice result. This is an animation showing hurricane Katrina progressing over a 30 minute interval.


If you want to sponsor further development of the Time Manager plugin, you can arrange a session with me – Karolina Alexiou – via Codementor.

Eleventh GSoC report – Multithreading on Processing

What do I have completed this week?

  • During this week I have changed the multithreading implementation to use the QThreadPool to allow thread recycling and avoid thread creation costs every time we want to run an algorithm. This new implementation adds some flexibility to the multithread support and avoid unexpected behaviours in different machines. The number of threads in the QThreadPool is initialised accordingly to the number of cores in the PC and may happen that the QT is not able to detect the number of cores. In this case we will only have one thread in the thread pool, which can be occupied with something else. I’m trying to detect when there is no available threads on the ThreadPool and increase the number of threads if necessary.

What am I going to achieve for the next week?

  • Start working on a test suite for the multithreading to ensure the correct behaviour of the multithreading implementation. The test suite must check if the worker thread is starting, check if signals are triggering the functions when it is supposed to and verify if the cancel option is working properly.

  • Figure out how to stop the execution of a non-QGIS algorithm.

Is there any blocking issue?

  • I have spotted some issues when testing the code in a different machine (with Linux Mint 17) that may have to do with thread unavailability.  Therefore, I decided to postpone the current tasks and focus on changing the multithreading implementation in order to correct this kind of unexpected behaviours.

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